Instrumen Hukum HAM



Komentar Umum No. 14 (2013): Prinsip Kepentingan Terbaik Bagi Anak (the right of the child to have his or her best interests taken as a primary consideration)
Saturday, 14 December 2013

The Convention also explicitly refers to the child’s best interests in other articles: article 9: separation from parents; article 10: family reunification; article 18: parental responsibilities; article 20: deprivation of family environment and alternative care; article 21: adoption;…

Protokol Opsional Ketiga Konvensi Hak Anak: Prosedur Komunikasi
Thursday, 9 August 2012

Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on a communications procedure
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Article 2
General principles guiding the functions of the Committee
In fulfilling the functions conferred on it by the present Protocol, the Committee shall be  guided by…

Komentar Umum No. 13 (2011): Hak Anak Bebas dari Segala Bentuk Kekerasan (The right of the child to freedom from all forms of violence)
Sunday, 14 August 2011

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The Committee is also aware of widespread and intense violence applied against children in State institutions and by State actors including in schools, care centres, residential homes, police custody and justice institutions which may amount to torture and killing of…

PIAGAM PERHIMPUNAN BANGSA-BANGSA ASIA TENGGARA
Monday, 14 March 2011

KAMI, RAKYAT Negara-Negara Anggota Perhimpunan Bangsa-Bangsa Asia Tenggara (ASEAN), yang diwakili oleh para Kepala Negara atau Pemerintahan dari Brunei Darussalam, Kerajaan Kamboja, Republik Indonesia, Republik Rakyat Demokratik Lao, Malaysia, Uni Myanmar, Republik Filipina, Republik Singapura, Kerajaan Thailand, dan Republik Sosialis Viet Nam;

MEMATUHI prinsip-prinsip demokrasi,…

Dunia yang Layak bagi Anak (A world fit for children)
Wednesday, 9 March 2011

We reaffirm our obligation to take action to promote and protect the rights of each child – every human being below the age of 18 years, including adolescents. We are  determined to respect the dignity and to secure the well-being of…

Komentar Umum No.12 Tahun 2009: Hak anak untuk didengar (The right of the child to be heard)
Sunday, 17 October 2010


8. The overall objective of the general comment is to support States parties in the effective implementation of article 12. In so doing it seeks to:
-   Strengthen understanding of the meaning of article 12 and its implications for governments,…

Komentar Umum No. 11 Tahun 2009: Anak-anak masyarakat adat dan hak-hak mereka di bawah KHA (Indigenous children and their rights under the Convention)
Sunday, 17 October 2010


16. The Committee recalls the close linkage between article 30 of the Convention on the Rights of the Child and article 27 of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights. Both articles specifically provide for the right, in community…

Komentar Umum No. 10 Tahun 2007: Hak anak-anak dalam Peradilan Anak (Children’s rights in Juvenile Justice)
Sunday, 17 October 2010


13. CRC provides a set of fundamental principles for the treatment to be accorded to children in conflict with the law:
- Treatment that is consistent with the child’s sense of dignity and worth;
- Treatment that reinforces the child’s respect for…

Komentar Umum No. 9 Tahun 2006: Hak-hak anak-anak dengan disabilitas (penyandang cacat) (The rights of children with disabilities)
Sunday, 17 October 2010

9. …     States parties in their efforts to prevent and eliminate all forms of discrimination against children with disabilities should take the following measures:
(a)   Include explicitly disability as a forbidden ground for discrimination in constitutional provisions on non-discrimination and/or…

Komentar Umum No.8 Tahun 2006: Hak anak untuk mendapatkan perlindungan dari hukuman fisik dan bentuk-bentuk lain yang kejam atau hukuman lain yang merendahkan
Sunday, 17 October 2010


11.       The Committee defines “corporal” or “physical” punishment as any punishment in which physical force is used and intended to cause some degree of pain or discomfort, however light.  Most involves hitting (“smacking”, “slapping”, “spanking”) children, with the hand or…