Soft Law



General comment No. 17 (2013) on the right of the child to rest, leisure, play, recreational activities, cultural life and the arts (art. 31)
Monday, 23 February 2015

Article 31 must be understood holistically, both in terms of its constituent parts and also in its relationship with the Convention in its entirety. Each element of article 31is mutually linked and reinforcing, and when realized, serves to enrich the…

General comment No. 16 (2013) on State obligations regarding the impact of the business sector on children’s rights
Monday, 23 February 2015

It is necessary for States to have adequate legal and institutional frameworks to respect, protect and fulfil children’s rights, and to provide remedies in case of violations in the context of business activities and operations. In this regard, States should…

General Comment No. 15 (2013) on the right of the child to the enjoyment of the highest attainable standard of health (art. 24)
Sunday, 22 February 2015

Children’s health is affected by a variety of factors, many of which have changed during the past 20 years and are likely to continue to evolve in the future. This includes the attention given to new health problems and changing…

Komentar Umum No. 14 (2013): Prinsip Kepentingan Terbaik Bagi Anak (the right of the child to have his or her best interests taken as a primary consideration)
Saturday, 14 December 2013

The Convention also explicitly refers to the child’s best interests in other articles: article 9: separation from parents; article 10: family reunification; article 18: parental responsibilities; article 20: deprivation of family environment and alternative care; article 21: adoption;…

Komentar Umum No. 13 (2011): Hak Anak Bebas dari Segala Bentuk Kekerasan (The right of the child to freedom from all forms of violence)
Sunday, 14 August 2011

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The Committee is also aware of widespread and intense violence applied against children in State institutions and by State actors including in schools, care centres, residential homes, police custody and justice institutions which may amount to torture and killing of…

Dunia yang Layak bagi Anak (A world fit for children)
Wednesday, 9 March 2011

We reaffirm our obligation to take action to promote and protect the rights of each child – every human being below the age of 18 years, including adolescents. We are  determined to respect the dignity and to secure the well-being of…

Komentar Umum No.12 Tahun 2009: Hak anak untuk didengar (The right of the child to be heard)
Sunday, 17 October 2010


8. The overall objective of the general comment is to support States parties in the effective implementation of article 12. In so doing it seeks to:
-   Strengthen understanding of the meaning of article 12 and its implications for governments,…

Komentar Umum No. 11 Tahun 2009: Anak-anak masyarakat adat dan hak-hak mereka di bawah KHA (Indigenous children and their rights under the Convention)
Sunday, 17 October 2010


16. The Committee recalls the close linkage between article 30 of the Convention on the Rights of the Child and article 27 of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights. Both articles specifically provide for the right, in community…

Komentar Umum No. 10 Tahun 2007: Hak anak-anak dalam Peradilan Anak (Children’s rights in Juvenile Justice)
Sunday, 17 October 2010


13. CRC provides a set of fundamental principles for the treatment to be accorded to children in conflict with the law:
- Treatment that is consistent with the child’s sense of dignity and worth;
- Treatment that reinforces the child’s respect for…

Komentar Umum No. 9 Tahun 2006: Hak-hak anak-anak dengan disabilitas (penyandang cacat) (The rights of children with disabilities)
Sunday, 17 October 2010

9. …     States parties in their efforts to prevent and eliminate all forms of discrimination against children with disabilities should take the following measures:
(a)   Include explicitly disability as a forbidden ground for discrimination in constitutional provisions on non-discrimination and/or…

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